Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. The fort lies eight kilometres south of the Grand Trunk Road. It is approximately 16 km Northwest of Jhelum and is near the city of Dina. It is Sher Shah Suri Bridge on Kahan Seasonal River but I’m on Maloot Bridge Jhelum P D Khan Road 4 km South. It is the Rohtas road from Jhelum Cantt but till Maloot Bridge because of No road in the Kahaan River. It is an adventurous trip.
Reason to build the Rohtas fort. in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown. The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. Rohtas Fort was never captured by force and has survived unusually intact.
The fort is known for its large self-protective walls and several monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an “exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and South Asia.
Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares, enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-meter long wall. The enclosed section served as a fortress for bests and was more heavily guarded. The enclosed section is a site of much of the fort’s most notable remains. The fort’s Langar Khani gate opens into the fortress but is actually a trap that is in the direct line of fire from the fort’s supports.
The large fort could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-meter long wall. The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 bales (stepped wells), it could withstand a major siege – although it was never actually besieged. There are no palaces in the Fort except for the Raja Man Singh Haveli, which is built on the highest point of the citadel.
Famous Gates in the fort are Sohail, Shah Chandwali, Kabuli, Shishi, Langar Khani, Talaqi, Mori or Kashmiri, Khwas Khani, Gatali, Tulla Mori, Pippli and Sar gate. Other places are the Royal mosque, Stepwells, Central baoli, Royal baoli and Sar baoli Rani Mahal and Raja Man Singh Haveli.
The fort was never popular with the Mughals because of its military character. Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest. He said the following about its location”
This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined Emperor Jahangir again stayed here when he was being forced to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan. Nur Jahan, his beautiful and ingenious wife obtained troops from Lahore and ordered Mahabat Khan to release her husband. Emperor Jahangir then proceeded to Rohtas and held his court here for a while. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die.
The later Mughals seem to have made no use of the fort. The reason is that they were allies of the Gakhars and consequently needed no troops to maintain their hold over this area.